In this paper I describe several tactics of what I call a pedagogy of sovereignty. Such tactics include specific texts, digital resources, and activities all designed to give undergraduates entry into the complex terrain of American Indian political existence in the twenty-first century. I also consider techniques of emphasizing political difference while not re-invoking stereotypical beliefs in Natives’ inferiority or exoticism. This is not a matter of completely removing questions of cultural differences from the classroom, but of framing American Indians as peoples who do not fit neatly into the prevailing multiethnic model. This presentation raises a question I hope to return to in our discussion: how can we preserve and articulate realistic American Indian identities in the study of this literature?